• Changes to higher education institutions in the United States

    Changes to higher education institutions in the United States In order to provide a visual understanding of changes to the university system in the United States, on this map, we show data related to the approximately 3,000 current universities—starting with Harvard University, which was established in 1636—and universities that were established in the past but then went bankrupt (1,440 universities). The sizes of the circles shown correspond to the current numbers of students. Using the bar on the bottom of the map, it is possible to show the changes to universities over a designating a period of time in history, and to show the status of universities in a given specified year. Specification by type With the radio button, it is possible to show changes for state universities and private universities. Under “Abolished,” we have recorded data for 1,440 universities that have gone bankrupt and dissolved up to now. Unlike in other countries, universities in the United States incorporate the characteristics of market competition, and thus a repeated process of selection has taken place in which a very large number of universities have been dissolved as the result of competition. It seems that the size of this number—along with geographical expansion—shows the outstanding characteristic of higher education in the United States. Historical changes can also be viewed. Specification by class It is possible to view the data separately for private universities and public universities, and to see changes for each university classification of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching as described below. By clicking on the radio buttons for each of the classifications, it is possible to check the changes to the universities in a given category. The classifications include research universities (universities that have a doctoral program) (1) (very high research activity), research universities (universities that have a doctoral program) (2) (high research activity), research universities (universities that have a doctoral program) (3) (doctoral research activity), master’s colleges and universities, baccalaureate colleges, associates colleges, and other types of schools such as religious, technical, and business schools.
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